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COURSE CISCO ROUTING & SWITCHING CCNA

COURSE Cisco Routing & Switching 

COURSE AGENDA CCNA – MODULE 1

COURSE AGENDA:

GENERAL CONCEPTS ABOUT THE NETWORKS

In this session you will understand how the Internet works and you will learn more about the importance of data networks (and their critical role in everything that business means) and, of course, you will be familiar with how they work.

CONFIGURING A NETWORK OPERATION SYSTEM

In this session you will learn what Cisco IOS is and you can connect to such a system to manage the network. At the same time, you will find important concepts about how network devices communicate with each other. In the end, you will do more tests, including IP addressing and connection testing.

NETWORK PROTOCOLS

This session prepares you for a deeper understanding of how rules and standards facilitate network communication. You will understand the role

protocols and standards in network interoperability.

NETWORK ACCESS

At the end of this session you will be able to:

– to troubleshoot and identify connectivity issues within networks

– understand the role of the physical layer within the networks

– to describe the underlying principles of the physical level

– Serve a UTP cable (the one used in Ethernet networks)

– understand the way wireless networks work

ETHERNET

During this meeting you will find out :

– sublayerele Ethernet

– the purpose and characteristics of the address MAC

– the role of ARP

– how ARP requests work in the network and affect network performance

– the basic concepts of switching

And at the end of the lesson you will be able to configure a layer switch 3.

NETWORK NETWORK

At the end of the hearing you will be able to:

– to explain how network communications are possible due to OSI Stage 3 (Network) protocols and services

– to explain how routers allow point-to-point connectivity in small and medium networks

– manage your equipment and choose the right equipment for routing traffic on a small or medium network

you will be familiar with how to configure Cisco routers after this session.

THE LEVEL OF TRANSPORT

Among the notions studied in this session are:

– Description of the Transport Level of the OSI stack

– the features of TCP and UDP protocols (ports used and their significance)

– how reliable communications depend on establishing and terminating the TCP connection

– the way data units are transmitted and their reception is confirmed

IP addressing

The session prepares you for a deep understanding of the following notions:

– IPv4 address structure

– the role of network masks (subnet mask)

– understanding the unicast, broadcast, multicast features

address allocation in public and private space

– the need for IPv6

– address representation in IPv6

– configuring global unicast addresses

– the role of the ICMP protocol in an IP network

Of course, we'll use ping and traceroute to troubleshoot connectivity issues.

SUBNETTIZATION OF IP NETWORKS

The key elements you will become familiar with in this meeting are:

– the critical role of packet routing between different networks

– use IP protocol to uniquely identify equipment on a network

– calculating the maximum number of equipment that can be used in a network with a particular mask

– calculating the network mask on the basis of specifications

– Benefits of Variable Size Network Masks (VLSM)

APPLICATION LEVEL

The objectives of this meeting include:

– understanding how application, session, and presentation levels are interconnected

– creating an overview of application-level protocols that offer the most popular (WWW, email, etc.) services from the Internet to users

– description of protocols such as DNS, DHCP, FTP, SMB, etc

THE FINAL NETWORK

In this last chapter, you will complete your knowledge of the course, learning, among other things, about:

– a summary of devices and protocols used in a small network

– a description of how a small network is actually the departure point for a larger network

– network security needs

– configuration of network equipment

– using ping and tracert commands

– using show controls

COURSE AGENDA CCNA – MODULE 2

Meeting 1:
INTRODUCTION TO SWITCHED NETWORKS
The first session of CCNA 2 will familiarize you with the following:
– the process of "frame forwarding”
– comparing a collision domain with a broadcast domain)
– convergence of data, voice and video in the context of switched networks
– the role of switched architecture in the context of small and medium networks

 

Meeting 2:
CONCEPTS AND CONFIGURATIONS BASED IN SWITCHING
During this session you will become better familiar with the switches and learn how to configure them and then deal with security issues. You will find that switches can be configured locally and remotely (in which case an IP address must be configured).

Meeting 3:
VLANs
his meeting gives you in-depth information about VLANs (Virtual LAN). You'll understand what their role in networks is, how the trunking protocol works, how you can configure VLANs on switches, and of course a number of useful information to troubleshoot the most common issues that occur within VLAN CEs.

 

Meeting 4:
ROUTE CONCEPTS
We will briefly review the routing concepts we already know and then explore the following topics:
– the fundamentals of the routing
– initial router configuration and routing decisions
– explaining the routing table and how this table is built
– how routers use information in data packets to make decisions
– encapsulation and de-encapsulation process used by Cisco routers

 

Meeting 5:
ROTATION BETWEEN VLANES
The purpose of this meeting is to get acquainted with the following:
– the ways in which inter-VLAN routing can be enabled
– configuration of inter-VLAN routing using layer switching 3

– debugging the most common inter-VLAN configuration issues
– troubleshooting the most common IP addressing issues within interconnected VLANs

 

Meeting 6:
STATIC Routing
Topics of interest in this session are as follows:
– the advantages and drawbacks of static rotation
– the role of CIDR in replacing classful addressing

– the purpose of different types of static routes
– configure IPv4 and IPv6 static routes by specifying a next-hop address

 

Meeting 7:
DYNAMIC ROTATION
The session aims to develop routing concepts, focusing on the following objectives:
– basic operations of dynamic routing protocols
– the comparison between static and dynamic routing
– the search process of IPv4 classless route and IPv6 routes
– comparison of different categories of routing protocols
– the process by which distance vector protocols find out about the existence of other networks
– types of distance vector protocols
– configuring the RIP and RIPng protocol
– explaining the process by which the link-state routing protocol detects the existence of other networks
– analysis of information submitted in link-state updates
– advantages and disadvantages of link-state routing protocols
– OSPF (Open Shortest Path First), IS-IS (Intermediate System to Intermediate System)
– determining the source of a route, administrative distance, and metric
– explaining parent / child relationship to a dynamically built routing table

– aanalyzing the routing table to understand how a particular package will be routed

 

Meeting 8:
OSPF SINGLE-AREA (OSPF UNIZONAL)
The purpose of this meeting is to explain the following:
– the process through which link-state routes find out about the existence of other networks
– comparison of OSPFv2 vs. OSPFv3 features
– the types of packets used by Cisco IOS routers to establish and maintain an OSPF network
– how Cisco IOS routers get convergence in an OSPF network
– OSPFv2 configuration in a small IPv4 network
– the process by which OSPF uses the cost to determine the optimal path

– verifying OSPFv3 single-area on a small network

 

Meeting 9:
ACCESS CONTROL LISTS
The meeting aims to describe the following terms:
– how ACLs are used to filter traffic
– explaining how packets are processed when using access control lists
– troubleshoot common ACL issues
– comparison of extended IPv4 ACLs and standard
– wildcard masks within ACLs
– good practice in using ACLs
– configuring IPv4 ACLs
– modifying the standard IPv4 ACLs
– configuring ACLs to secure VTY access
– Extended Access Control Entry (ACE) structure
– configuring debugging ACLs

– comparing the creation of ACLs in IPv4 and IPv6

 

Meeting 10:
DHCP (DYNAMIC HOST CONFIGURATION PROTOCOL)
The current meeting has the following theme:
– description of DHCPv4 operation in small and medium networks
– Configure a router as a DHCPv4 server
– Configure a DHCPv4 client routing
– common problems and troubleshooting
– troubleshooting DHCP configurations
– explanation of DHCPv6 operation
– configuration of DHCPv6 stateless
– configuration of DHCPv6 stateful

 

Meeting 11:
NAT (NETWORK ADDRESS TRANSLATION) FOR IPV4
In this last session of CCNA 2 you will learn about:
– NAT features
– advantages and disadvantages of NAT
– configuring port forwarding
– configuring NAT64
– use the show commands for debugging and checking
– configuration of NAT static
– NAT configuration of dynamic type
– PAT configuration

 

Who is addressing the CCNA2 course:

  • those who want to deepen the networking and solidify their notions learned in the course of CCNA1
  • those who want to deepen the notions of switching
  • those who want to deepen information about VLANs
  • those who want to deepen the knowledge about static routing and dynamic routing
  • those who want to understand the role and function of ACLs
  • those who want to understand the DHCP protocol
  • those who want to understand what NAT is and how it works

 

What are the benefits after completing this course:

  • you will have much more advanced knowledge about networking
  • you will know what a vlan is and how it can be configured
  • you will know how a layer 2 network works
  • you will deepen the configuration of routers and switches
  • you will be able to configure a dynamic routing protocol
  • you will deepen the static routes and how to configure them
  • you will know what an ACL is and how it is configured
  • you will know how to do a quite advanced troubleshooting for data networks
  • you will know how DHCP works and how to configure it
  • you will know what NAT is and how it is configured

 

Each session will take up to 3 hours and 30 minutes. Basically 2 hours of theory and 1 hour and 15 minutes of practice, and 15 minutes remain for the break.

CCNA COURSE AGENDA - MODULE 3

Meeting 1:
INTRODUCING IN NETWORK SCALING
This introductory session in CCNA 3 has the role of familiarizing students with the following:
– hierarchical networks
– types of routers available for small and large networks
–basic settings for Cisco IOS devices

– recommendations for scalable networks
– determining the hardware characteristics (switches) adapted to the needs of small and medium networks

Meeting 2:

REDUNDANCY IN LOCAL NETWORKS

Among the most important notions studied in this session are:
– problems that may arise in implementing a redundant network
– IEEE 802.1D STP operation
– Fast PVST
– PVST (Per-VLAN Spanning Tree)
– troubleshooting the problems that may arise when implementing STP
– use IOS commands for Hot Standby Router (HSRP) and Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP)

 

Meeting 3:
COLLECTION OF LINKS
The following are the subject of this meeting:
– the definition of the concept of link aggregation
– configuring link aggregation using EtherChannel
– description of EtherChannel technology
– troubleshooting issues

 

Meeting 4:
WIRELESS NETWORKS

You will learn about the following:
– description of wireless networks: technologies and standards
– description of topologies
– frame structure 802.11
– channel management
– risks and attacks on wireless networks
– security mechanisms to protect wireless networks
– description of wireless network components
– Configure wireless clients to connect
– troubleshooting problems that may occur on wireless networks

 

Meeting 5:
OSPF TYPE OF SINGLE-AREA TYPE

At the end of this session, you will master the following:
– change the OSPF interface priority for DR / BDR (Designated Router / Backup Designated Ruter)
– set up a router to propagate a default route to an OSPF network
– Improving performance in OSPF networks
– configure OSPF authentication
– debug the OSPFv2 routing table
– debug the OSPFv3 routing table

 

Meeting 6:
OSPF MULTIZONAL
During this session you will learn about:
– the role of OSPF multiplying
– managing routing tables in OSPF using link-state notifications
– configuring OSPFv2 multiplying
– configure route routing
– verify and troubleshoot OSPFv2

 

Meeting 7:
EIGRP
Among the knowledge you will acquire in this meeting are:
– benefits of using EIGRP
– operation of EIGRP
– the EIGRP package structure
– metric calculation used by DUAL (Diffusing Update Algorithm)
– commands for configuring and verifying EIGRP in IPv4 and IPv6

 

Meeting 8:
EIGRP ADVANCED CONFIGURATIONS AND TROUBLESHOOTING

In this last lesson you will learn about:
– configuring the EIGRP automatic summation
– configuring the EIGRP manual summation
– configuring the EIGRP interface to improve performance
– troubleshooting

 

 

Who is addressing the CCNA3 course?:

  • those who want to deepen the networking side and solidify their notions learned in the course of CCNA1 and CCNA2
  • those who want to understand the scalability of networks
  • those who want to understand network redundancy
  • those who want to understand the aggregation of links and EtherChannel technology
  • those who want to understand their wireless networks and their protocol
  • those who want to understand the OSPF dynamic and multi-zone OSPF and of course how to troubleshoot
  • those who want to understand the EIGRP routing protocol and how to deploy it

 

What are the benefits after completing this course:

  • you will have much more advanced knowledge about networking
  • you will know what the scalability of data networks means
  • you will know concepts for redundancy and how to configure it
  • you will know what aggregation of network links means
  • you will know what they are and how wireless networks work
  • you will deepen the mono-zonal OSPF protocol
  • you will know what is the multi-zone OSPF protocol and how to configure it
  • you will know what the EIGRP protocol is, how to configure and how to troubleshoot

 

Each session will take up to 3 hours and 30 minutes. Basically 2 hours of theory and 1 hour and 15 minutes of practice, and 15 minutes remain for the break.

AGENDA CURS CCNA – MODULUL 4

Sedinta 1:
DESIGN-UL IERARHIZAT AL REȚELELOR
Prima ședință din CCNA 4 vă prezintă următoarele noțiuni:
– folosirea modelului ierarhizat de a crea configurații de rețele
– explicarea principiilor de bază în design-ul rețelelor: Ierarhizare, Modularizare, Versatilitate, Flexibilitat
– prezentarea celor 3 niveluri ale rețelelor ierarhizate și modul în care sunt folosite în design-ul rețelelor
– beneficiile design-ului ierarhizat
– descrierea modelului Cisco Enterprise Architecture

 

Sedinta 2:
CONECTAREA ÎN WAN

Obiectivele principale ale acestei ședințe sunt:
– descrierea scopului arhitecturii WAN
– descrierea modului de funcționare WAN
– tehnologii publice WAN
– tehnologii private WAN
– servicii WAN
– alegerea protocolului WAN potrivit pentru o anumită cerință de rețea

 

Sedinta 3:
CONEXIUNI PUNCT LA PUNCT
La final acestei ședințe vei dobândi o serie de abilități precum:
– explicarea fundamentelor comunicațiilor point-to-point din AWN
– configurarea încapsulării HDLC într-o legătură point-to-point
– descrierea beneficiilor PPP îimpreună cu HDLC într-un WAN
– descrierea arhitecturi pe niveluri a PPP și funcțiile LCP și NCP
– explicarea modului în care o sesiune PPP este realizată
– configurarea încapsulării PPP într-o conexiune serială
– configurarea protocoalelor de autentificare PPP
– folosirea comenzii show și a altor instrucțiuni de depanare pentru PPP

 

Sedinta 4:
FRAME RELAY
Ședința IV din cadrul acestui curs dezbate următoarele aspecte:
– descrierea conceptelor fundamentale din cadrul tehnologiei Frame Relay
– operare, implementare, LMI (Local Management Interface)
– configurarea unui circuit permanent virtual Frame Rely (PVC – Permanent Virtual Circuit)
– descrierea conceptelor avansate din tehnologia Frame Relay – subinterfețe, lățime de bandă (bandwidth), controlul fluxului (flow control)
– configurarea unui PVC avansat pentru Frame Relay
– rezolvarea problemelor de disponibilitate, configurarea subinterfețelor, depanarea configurării Frame Relay

 

Sedinta 5:
TRANSLATAREA ADRESELOR DE REȚEA PENTRU IPV4
Printre obiectivele acestei lecții se numără:
– descrierea caracteristicilor NAT
– descrierea avantajelor și dezavantajelor tehnologiei NAT
– configurarea unui NAT static
– configurarea unui NAT dinamic
– configurarea PAT
– configurarea port forwarding
– configurarea NAT64
– folosirea comenzii show pentru verificarea funcționării NAT

 

Sedinta 6:
SOLUȚII BROADBAND
Obiectivele acestei ședințe includ:
– determinarea modului de alegere a unei soluții broadband pentru a asigura conexiuni la distanță într-o rețea mică sau medie
– beneficiile soluțiilor teleworking
– cerințe business pentru teleworking
– sisteme DSL și accesul broadband DSL
– wireless prin broadband
– compararea soluțiilor broadband
– configurarea unui protocol point-to-point (PPP) printr-o conexiune Ethernet pe un router (cu rol de client)

 

Sedinta 7:
SECURIZAREA UNEI CONEXIUNI SITE-TO-SITE

Iată mai jos o parte dintre noțiunile prezentate în cadrul acestei ședințe:
– avantajele tehnologiilor VPN
– caractersticile ale VPN-urilor site-to-site și a celor pentru acces la distanță
– scopul și avantajele tunelelor GRE
– configurarea unui tunel site-to-site GRE
– caractersticile IPsec
– despre clientul Anyconnect
– comparație între VPN-uri IPsec și SSL

 

Sedinta 8:
MONITORIZAREA REȚELEI ȘI DEPANARE
În cadrul acestei ultime ședințe, cursanții vor putea să:
– explice funcționarea syslog în rețele mici și medii
– configureze syslog pentru preluarea mesajele din rețea
– configureze SNMP pentru preluarea mesajelor
– explice funcționarea NetFlow
– configureze NetFlow pentru exportul datelor de pe un router
– analizeze exportul produs de NetFlow pentru a identifica probleme sau trend-uri în datele de trafic din rețea

 

Cui se adreseaza cursul de CCNA4:

  • celor care vor sa aprofundeze partea de networking si sa isi solidifice notiunile invatate in cursul de CCNA1, CCNA2 si CCNA3
  • celor care vor sa inteleaga ierarhizarea retelelor
  • celor care vor sa inteleaga ce este WAN-ul
  • celor care vor sa inteleaga conexiunile punct la punct
  • celor care vor sa intelega tehnologia Frame Relay.
  • celor care vor sa aprofundeze NAT-ul
  • celor care vor sa intealeaga solutia de Broadband
  • celor care vor sa inteleaga conexiunea de tip site to site VPN
  • celor care vor sa inteleaga cum se monitorizeaza retelele

 

Care sunt beneficile dupa absolvirea acestui curs:

  • veti stii ce inseamana ierarhizarea retelelor
  • veti stii ce este WAN-ul
  • veti stii cum se configureaza conexiunile punct la punct si cele frame relay
  • veti stii ce sunt si cum functioneaza retelele de tip broadband
  • veti aprofunda NAT-ul
  • veti stii ce este si cum se configureaza un site to site VPN
  • veti stii ce este si cum se configureaza monitorizarea retelelor
  • daca ati absolvit cursurile de CCNA1, CCNA2 si CCNA3 atunci dupa absolvirea cursului de CCNA4 veti avea cunstintele necesare pentru sustinerea examenului de CCNA recunoscut la nivel international

 

Fiecare sedinta va dura undeva la 3 ore si 30 de min. In principiu 2 ore de teorie si 1 ora si 15 minute de practica, iar 15 minute raman pentru pauza.

AGENDA CURS JNCIA

Sedinta 1:

REVIEW. ARHITECTURA SOFTWARE, ARHITECTURA HARDWARE
-in aceasta sedinta iti vei aduce aminte conceptele de baza legate de stiva OSI, Ethernet, IPv4, IPv6 si pe langa aceasta  vei intelege care este arhitectura -software.

-vei intelege care sunt seriile de echipamente Juniper, care sunt diferentele intre modele si cum se dimensioneaza.

de asemenea, vei intelege care este modalitatea de scriere a configuratiei curente si cum lucreaza structura arborescenta a liniei de comanda.

 

Sedinta 2:

SYSTEM CONFIGURATION. INTERFACES. USER AUTHENTICATION.
-in aceasta sedinta vei intelege care sunt tipurile de interfete intalnite uzual pe echipamentele Juniper, ce parametri le caracterizeaza si cum se configureaza.

-vei intelege care sunt modalitatile de control al accesului in linia de comanda pentru utilizatori si le vei configura.

 

Sedinta 3:

NETWORK SERVICES. SYSLOG, NTP, SNMP
-aceasta sedinta te pregateste pentru identificarea unor servicii de retea pentru logging, sincronizare si administrare remote.

-la finalul sedintei vei configura aceste functionalitati in Junos-OS.

 

Sedinta 4:

MONITORING, DEBUGGING, MAINTENANCE
-obiectivul acestei sedinte este acela de a pune in evidenta importanta modalitatilor in care un inginer de retea poate sa faca troubleshooting.

-vei intelege cum functioneaza mecanismele de debug in Junos-OS si de asemenea, vei intelege cum se pot efectua operatiuni de mentenanta.

-la finalul acestei sedinte vei putea sa configurezi toate aceste functionalitati.

 

Sedinta 5:

ROUTING FUNDAMENTALS
-in aceasta sedinta vei afla care sunt structurile de date care sunt folosite de Junos-OS pentru operatiunile de routing.

-vei intelege care este abordarea Juniper privind tabelele de rutare, distantele administrative si rutele statice.

 

Sedinta 6:

ROUTING POLICY
-scopul acestei sedinte este acela de a pune in evidenta felul in care functioneaza protocoalele de rutare dinamica.

-iti vei reaminti diferentele majore dintre ele si vei intelege felul si logica dupa care sunt construite politicile de rutare care influenteaza comportamentul acestora.

-la finalul sedintei vei implementa toate aceste functionalitati in Junos-OS.

 

Sedinta 7:

FIREWALL FILTERS. POLICING. ANTISPOOFING.
-in aceasta sedinta, vei intelege asemanarile si deosebirile dintre politicile de rutare si politicile de filtrare stateless.

-sedinta te pregateste pentru identificarea tehnicilor prin care se implementeaza politici de QoS in Junos-OS.

-vei afla care este rolul mecanismului antispoofing.

 

 

Cui se adreseaza cursul de JNCIA:

  • celor care vor sa inre in lumea Juniper Networks
  • celor care vor sa isi aduca aminte de stiva OSI si de adiacentele acesteia
  • celor care vor sa stie sa configureze echipamente juniper si sa inteleaga cum sunt categorisite
  • celor care vor sa inteleaga principiul de configurare a acestor echipamente
  • celor care vor sa intelega principiul de rutare al acestor echipamente
  • celor care vor sa inteleaga servicile care pot fi configurate pe echipamentele Juniper
  • celor care vor sa inteleaga cum se configureaza partea de security pe aceste echipamente
  • celor care vor sa intealeaga cum se pot monitoriza echipamentele Juniper

 

Care sunt beneficile dupa absolvirea acestui curs:

  • veti avea cunstinte mult mai avansate despre networking si va veti extinde aria de echipamente pe care le cunoasteti
  • veti stii care sunt tipurile de echipamente Junier si modul in care se configureaza
  • veti stii cum functioneaza routingul pe echipamente Juniper
  • veti stii cum se configureaza firewall-ul si alte tool-uri pentru security
  • veti stii sa configurati servicii de retea
  • veti stii sa configurati partea de autentificare, mentenanta si monitorizare
  • veti deschide usa catre cursurile de specilist in Juniper pentru ca dupa absolvirea acestui curs se poate sustine examenul de JNCIA

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